“Work is about a search for daily meaning as well as daily bread, for recognition as well as cash, for astonishment rather than torpor; in short, for a sort of life rather than a Monday through Friday sort of dying.” Studs Terkel
How much of your life do you spend at work? For many of us the answer is shocking. Working adults residing in the United States spend a third of their time at work, according to recent estimates. Many of us spend more time at work than in any other endeavor including time with our families and friends. I am not going to debate whether this is the right way to live. However, since many of us will work a large proportion of our adult years, we might reflect on what work means to us. Are we working only for a paycheck or for something more?
Through my own conversations with working people, I have found that most want to work for companies with a distinct purpose and clear values. Research that I referenced in my August blog, confirmed that all generations, not just millennials, want to find purpose in their work.
Last month Katrin Muff discussed the importance of connecting our values with our life purpose as it relates to the world outside of ourselves. Certainly, the workplace is part of that outer world. While our jobs may not suffice to define our total life- purpose, our work and/or our profession are part of our identity. For example, reflect on how you describe yourself to others. Chances are if you are a working adult, you include a reference to your profession or what you do for a living.
Since we tend to identify with our work, it is not surprising that most of us want it to be meaningful.
Evidence collected over decades shows a relationship between meaningful work, motivation, engagement and a sense of well-being. While each of us may have our own definitions of what makes a job meaningful, some common factors are:
- Person-organization fit
- Positive and reinforcing personal relationships
- Opportunities to align with or further one’s values
- Fulfillment of a social or moral purpose, or broader reason for being. 
Year after year we hear that a very large percentage of working adults across the world do not love their jobs and are not engaged with their companies or their work. This disengagement from our work often has a negative impact on our health and well-being.
When we view our work as meaningful, we are also more likely to be motivated to do it well. In 2015, Alison Alexander conducted research as part of her master’s studies at Northwestern University on how organizations are making work meaningful. She found a direct connection between the presence of meaning in life and making meaning through work. She also discovered that organizations with a strong purpose, clear values and commitments to social responsibility provide employees with ways to find meaning through their work. She concluded that when corporations are committed to serving society, employees can “live their values through their work.”
Last month Katrin Muff argued that each of us must know who we truly are if we are to live an authentic life. I agree, and I believe that that this is also the first step in finding meaningful work or conversely, making work meaningful. We must be keenly aware of our own values and what we perceive to be our purpose in life before we can expect work to be meaningful. Nancy Collamer, a contributing author to Forbes Magazine, suggests asking yourself questions such as “what five words best describe you”, and “what would you do if you couldn’t fail”. Regardless of your method of reflection, you must know who you are before finding meaning in your work.
For job seekers, Alexander recommends that you “look under the hood” of the companies you are considering. Determine the degree to which their commitment to social responsibility is embedded throughout the company or isolated to a small group of people in a corporate social responsibility function. Reflect on whether the principles that the companies demonstrate through their words and actions are aligned with your values. Pursue companies that are committed to the greater good of society. Ideally, they will have embedded this commitment into all aspects of the company, and every employee will understand the role that they play in contributing to the greater good.
Even if you plan to stay in your current job, most likely you can find ways to make the work more meaningful. For example, you might seek clarity from your manager about the significance and purpose of your work. Or if your specific job tasks aren’t fulfilling, you might find others in your workplace who share your interests and values. Perhaps a group of like-minded people can design and carry out on your own time, projects that are fulfilling and contribute to the broader society. If your company has a Corporate Social Responsibility or Sustainability Department, you might contact them to find out how you can get involved, perhaps as a volunteer. And if all else fails, start looking for a new job with a purpose-driven company aligned with your own values.
I realize that work will not always be meaningful no matter what we do. However, despite the role that work plays in our lives, very few of us find all our life-meaning from our jobs or our professions. In fact it is a bad idea to try to put all our eggs in our professional or work basket. No matter how much meaning we derive from work, we should all seek and find meaning in other parts of our lives as well. We can find meaning from family, spirituality, personal growth, education, community. The list is very long. I believe that a sense of well-being, if not happiness, comes from our deepest sense of purpose and our constant pursuit of meaning every day throughout our entire existence.
“For the meaning of life differs from man to man, from day to day and from hour to hour. What matters, therefore, is not the meaning of life in general but rather the specific meaning of a person’s life at a given moment.” Viktor E. Frankl
 Cardador, T.M.& Rupp, D.E. (2011) “Organizational Culture, Multiple Needs, and the Meaningfulness of Work,” The Handbook of Organizational Culture and Climate, Chapter 10.
Author: Dr. Kathy Miller Perkins
Dr. Kathy Miller Perkins is a social psychologist and is the CEO and owner of Miller Consultants , a firm specializing in organizational development, executive coaching and change management. Her work involves helping companies create and sustain organizational cultures that are conducive to executing sustainable strategies. She has worked with companies such as Toyota, IBM, Kindred Health, Brown-Forman, Lexmark, Anthem, Ashland Chemical, the U.S. Military and BC Hydro.